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Address: 27 Welbeck Street, London, W1G 8EN
Tel: 020 7101 3377

Thyroid & Neck Ultrasound

Thyroid Tumours - Symptoms and causes

Thyroid tumors can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), with the majority being benign. They arise from different cell types within the thyroid gland, leading to various types of tumors with distinct characteristics and treatment approaches. Understanding these tumors is crucial for appropriate diagnosis, treatment, and management.

Types of Thyroid Tumours

  1. Benign Thyroid Tumors

    • Thyroid adenomas: These are the most common benign thyroid tumors, presenting as nodules within the gland. They typically do not cause symptoms and do not spread beyond the thyroid gland.
  2. Malignant Thyroid Tumors (Thyroid Cancer)

    • Papillary thyroid cancer: The most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for about 80% of cases. It grows slowly and is usually curable, especially if diagnosed early.
    • Follicular thyroid cancer: Makes up about 10-15% of thyroid cancer cases. It’s more likely to spread to the blood vessels and distant organs compared to papillary cancer but still has a good prognosis.
    • Medullary thyroid cancer: Accounts for 3-4% of thyroid cancers. It originates from C cells that produce calcitonin, a hormone. It can be sporadic or part of genetic syndromes like Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 2 (MEN2).
    • Anaplastic thyroid cancer: A rare, aggressive form of thyroid cancer that is difficult to treat. It typically occurs in older adults.

Symptoms of Thyroid Tumors

Many thyroid tumors do not cause symptoms, especially in the early stages. When symptoms do occur, they may include:

  • A palpable nodule or lump in the neck
  • Changes in voice, including hoarseness
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Pain in the thyroid region or neck

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of thyroid tumors often involves:

  • Physical examination: To check for nodules or swelling in the thyroid gland.
  • Blood tests: Assessing thyroid function and, for medullary thyroid cancer, measuring calcitonin levels.
  • Ultrasound: To evaluate the characteristics of thyroid nodules.
  • Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB): The removal of thyroid tissue for microscopic examination, which is crucial for determining if a tumor is benign or malignant.
  • Genetic testing: Particularly for medullary thyroid cancer, to identify hereditary conditions.

Treatment

Treatment depends on the type and stage of the tumor, as well as the patient’s overall health:

  • Benign tumors often require monitoring without immediate treatment. Surgery may be recommended if the tumor causes symptoms or cosmetic concerns.
  • Papillary and follicular thyroid cancers are typically treated with surgery to remove part or all of the thyroid gland, possibly followed by radioactive iodine therapy to eliminate any remaining cancer cells.
  • Medullary thyroid cancer treatment includes surgery, and patients may also benefit from genetic counseling.
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer may require a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, although the prognosis remains challenging.

Follow-up and Prognosis

Regular follow-up care is important for anyone diagnosed with a thyroid tumor to monitor for recurrence, especially for thyroid cancers. The prognosis for thyroid cancer is generally favorable, with high survival rates for papillary and follicular cancers. Early detection and treatment significantly improve outcomes, underscoring the importance of monitoring thyroid health and addressing any changes promptly.

To book online select the date and time that suits you best – alternatively, please contact us with any questions via the chat, call or email links provided.

Address: 27 Welbeck Street, London, W1G 8EN

Telephone020 7101 3377

Why Choose London Private Ultrasound?

At London Private Ultrasound, we prioritize your health and comfort. Our team of experienced radiologists and healthcare professionals are dedicated to providing the highest quality of care. Here’s why you should choose us:

  • Expert Radiologists: Our team consists of highly trained and experienced radiologists who are experts in ultrasound diagnostics.
  • State-of-the-Art Technology: We use the latest ultrasound machines to ensure the highest level of accuracy in our scans.
  • Patient-Centered Care: We focus on creating a comfortable and stress-free environment for our patients.
  • Timely Results: We understand the importance of quick diagnosis and provide fast and reliable results.
  • Convenient Location: Located in the heart of London, our clinic is easily accessible.

Book Your Ultrasound Scan Today

At London Private Ultrasound, we are committed to providing high-quality diagnostic services with a patient-centered approach. Our expert radiologists and cutting-edge technology ensure that you receive the best possible care.

Don’t wait to get the answers you need. Book your abdomen or pelvic ultrasound scan today by contacting us at:

Address: 27 Welbeck Street, London, W1G 8EN
Tel: 020 7101 3377

You can also schedule an appointment online through our website. Experience the convenience, comfort, and expertise at London Private Ultrasound.

We look forward to assisting you with your healthcare needs and ensuring you receive the best possible diagnostic care.

Jackie Supernova
Jackie Supernova
2024-07-16
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excellent service. easy to book and adjust dates if required. The staff are friendly. The clinician was attentive and informative and did a thorough investigation. Highly recommend if you need fast reliable diagnostic results.
Mostafa Hawwash
Mostafa Hawwash
2024-07-16
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Quick and fast and reliable. Thank you
Aisha Fontaine
Aisha Fontaine
2024-07-16
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Reza Farahmandfar, was very professional, my appointment was on time. He explained every step of the way. Definitely will book with him again.
Sammy Andrews
Sammy Andrews
2024-07-15
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Brilliant clinic. I've visited a few the last few years for various issues and London Private Ultrasound was prompt, clean, professional and reassuring. If I need anything else I will definitely go back.
Matt Mawson
Matt Mawson
2024-07-14
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Friendly, reassuring, calm manner with a easy to understand explanation of the details. Highly recommended.
uday singh
uday singh
2024-07-10
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
I was there for my lower limb ultrasound but the quality of explanation by the doctor was so comprehensive that I decided to get a full body scan. Greatly impressed with the attention and attitude of everyone there. If anyone requires an ultrasound, in my view this is the place.
Aisha Smith
Aisha Smith
2024-07-09
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Great experience, got an appointment within an hour. Sonographer was lovely and really reassuring and was useful to be able to see the images on the large screen while lying down.
Joana Macedo
Joana Macedo
2024-07-08
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Same day scan. Very knowledgeable clinician. Thanks